Category Archives: a free press

A Free Press is The Most Dangerous Foe Of Tyranny

“A free press is the unsleeping guardian of every other right that
free men prize; it is the most dangerous foe of tyranny.… Under
dictatorship the press is bound to languish, and the loudspeaker
and the film to become more important. But where free institutions
are indigenous to the soil and men have the habit of liberty, the
press will continue to be the Fourth Estate, the vigilant guardian
of the rights of the ordinary citizen.”  —  Sir Winston Churchill

Via:http://www.journalismethics.info/media_law/history_of_free_press.htm

History Of The Free Press

The Fourth Estate
Toward the end of the eighteenth century, Edmund Burke, theorist of the English constitution, rose in Parliament to talk about a new player in democracy – a fourth estate. Thomas Carlyle reported Burke’s comments:

“Burke said there were Three Estates in Parliament; but in the Reporter’ Gallery yonder, there sat a Fourth Estate more important than they all. It is not a figure of speech, or a witty saying; it is a literal fact – very momentous to us in these times. Literature is our Parliament too. Printing, which comes necessarily out of Writing, I say often, is equivalent to Democracy; invent Writing, Democracy is inevitable … Whoever can speak, speaking now to the whole nation, becomes a power, a branch of government, with inalienable weight in lawmaking, in all acts of authority. It matters not what rank he has, what revenues or garnitures: the requisite thing is that he have a tongue which others will listen to; this and nothing more is requisite. The nation is governed by all that has tongue in the nation. Democracy is virtually there.”

From Carlyle, On Heroes, Hero-worship and the Heroic in History, 141.

Wikileaks

Media As A Weapon:  Engineering Of Consent